A Brief History of Diamonds
Diamonds are nothing new. These magnificent gems were likely first discovered in the 4th Century BC in India. Stones were quickly disseminated across India, China, and Europe via the Silk Road. Diamonds were prized as ornaments, used as cutting tools, and were sought after for their ability to refract light and engrave metal. They were used as talismans to ward off evil and during the middle ages were even considered to have healing properties when ingested.
How Diamonds are Made
Even though diamonds can now be recreated in a lab, geologists are still trying to puzzle out how diamonds were formed in the Earth one billion to three billion years ago. According to Live Science, Their best guess goes something like this: 1) Bury carbon dioxide 100 miles into Earth. 2) Heat to about 2,200 degrees Fahrenheit. 3) Squeeze under pressure of 725,000 pounds per square inch. 4) Quickly rush towards Earth’s surface to cool.” Not exactly an easy process, but one that brings us beautiful, multi-faceted gems that have fascinated humans for thousands of years.
Where Diamonds Are Found
For centuries, India was the only country where diamonds could be found, but when the mines started to run dry, adventurers set out to find these precious stones in other regions. Diamonds were then discovered in Brazil, Borneo, and South Africa. Today, diamonds are mined in twenty-five countries, and the largest mines in the world are found in Russia, Australia, Angola, South Africa, and Botswana.
How Diamonds Are Used Today
Diamonds are no longer exactly scarce, but they’re still highly sought after and are used in a variety of ways, some of them quite surprising. They’re of course used in jewelry, including Western engagement rings, but they can also be found in makeup products, saws and drills, and even audio equipment. Diamonds are more than just a pretty face. They’re a unique and versatile product that have helped shape the face of the world.
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